For skiers of all ages and levels of talent, there are certain precautions that must be taken. Having the right knowledge, gear, and protective clothing can be the difference between a fun sport outing and a disaster. Here are just a few safety tips to keep in mind when skiing, and a few safety measures to be taken:
1) Always wear protective gear
When skiing, the most important thing to remember is safety gear. Cold-resistant clothing, gloves and hats are deterrents of ailments such as hypothermia and frostbite. Helmets are important in order to protect the head and brain in case of a fall. Often, sunglasses or goggles are also necessary to prevent sun blindness from the excessive light that reflects off of snow.
2) Wear skis and poles of the correct size
One of the biggest causes of crashing is inadequately sized or shaped skis/poles. Before skiing, make sure that your equipment fits correctly. Undersized equipment can be dangerously restrictive or fragile. Oversized equipment can slip off, or become difficult to maneuver. Only with correctly proportioned equipment is it possible to be entirely safe when skiing.
3) Pack extra items in case they are needed
Aside from equipment and clothing, a variety of other items may be necessary. Sunscreen is a good investment, as, even in the winter, it is possible to be sunburnt after a long day of exposure to UV rays. Walkie-talkies or cell phones are advisable, in case of separation from the group. Water is also important, as skiers often sweat while skiing, and can become easily dehydrated.
4) Stay with a group
Skiing alone can be dangerous. In order to be safe, it is important to make sure there are people who know where you are, and will look for you in case something goes wrong.
5) Avoid alcohol
Mixing extreme sports and alcohol is never a good idea. A skier must always be alert and ready to make split-second decisions—something difficult to do under the influence of alcohol.